Teaching and educating children from a very young age about the effects of fire helps in making the children responsible. Some small precautions in such matters go a long way in preventing a massive disaster. However there are times when even after taking several precautions, a fire breaks out due to some other reasons.
Along with what to do & not do in order to prevent a fire, it is therefore, essential to teach them what to do in case a fire breaks out. If clothes catch fire, a kid should not panic. One should stop the kid, drop him in the ground and roll over and over the ground with the face and mouth covered. It will prevent the fire from spreading. A kid should also be told about the emergency exit during time of fire. A home escape plan should be chalked out by the parents. It should be practiced with the kids several times so that they know the way out even when the parents are not there. The planning and practicing exit drills will make the children confident in saving themselves in the absence of any adult member of the family. The children should also know that there are firefighters who will come to their rescue in case of a fire. They should know that the firefighters will look different and make a sound like a big breathing machine. Hence, in case a child is stuck at a smoke filled room and hears or sees someone like that, they should immediately ask for help. It someone gets burned by fire, the affected area should be placed immediately under cool running water if possible. Otherwise even pouring cool water on the wound will help in preventing further damage to the skin.
These things should be taught to the children so that proper measures can be undertaken immediately without any delay.